Central

The Central Developer Hub

Welcome to the Central developer hub. You'll find guides and documentation to help you start working with Central APIs as quickly as possible, as well as support if you get stuck. Let's jump right in!

Get Started    

Using Streaming API Python Client

Aruba Central streaming API follows publish–subscribe model. In this model, Aruba Central will publish continuous data streams to WebSocket client after the client subscribes to a topic. This approach is different from "polling", where frequent HTTP requests are made to REST API endpoints from the HTTP client to get the real-time information.

Some applications of streaming API include monitoring state of devices (UP/DOWN status), statistics of devices (AppRF statistics, location and presence analytics), Intrusion detection, configuration audit trail and more.

To know the list of available streaming topics, enabling streaming API and to understand the format of the data streams visit the Getting Started with Streaming API section.

How to Install?

  1. Either download using subversion. In case, you need subversion refer this documentation.

    svn export https://github.com/aruba/central-examples-only/trunk/streaming-api-client
    

    OR download .zip file using the following link.

  2. Navigate to the downloaded folder and Install the Python packages required for the Streaming API client using command

    pip3 install -r requirements.txt
    

GitHub Repository

Link to the GitHub repository.

Package Structure

The dir structure of streaming api client Python package is as follows

│   README.md
│   simple_app.py
│   wsclient_public.py
│   input.json
│   ...
│
└───lib
│   │   streamingExport.py
│   │   utilities.py
│   │   ...
│
└───proto
    │   apprf.proto
    │   apprf_pb2.py
    │   ...

Two websocket client scripts are available for reference and use.

  1. simple_app.py script provides a simple Websocket client python example. This is useful for someone to understand how to connect with Aruba Central via Websocket and decode/deserialize protobuf messages.

  2. wsclient_public.py script is an advanced Websocket client sample that can be used as is or further extended to export data to external data sources(using lib\streamingExport.py). This script utilizes multi-threading to receive streaming data and establishing Websocket connection. With multi-threading, multiple streaming topics can be subscribed for an Aruba Central customer and/or multiple Aruba Central customers (in case of MSP) can stream data from a single script execution.

Both the simple_app.py and wsclient_public.py utilizes the compiled protobuf files under proto directory. Be sure to download and compile the latest proto files from Aruba Central and place it under the proto directory.

More information about using the scripts are provided below.

Gathering Requirements

The Python streaming client requires the following

  • WebSocket URL Endpoint
  • WebSocket Authorization Key
  • Subscription Topic
  • Aruba Central User Email
  • ProtoBuf files

1. WebSocket Base URL and Key can be obtained from the Account Home -> Webhooks -> Streaming Page as show in the image below.

Streaming API Page

Streaming API Page

2. ProtoBuf files can be downloaded from the same page. Depending on the programming language used, these .proto files need to be compiled to deserialize the data. Refer the following documentation on using Python ProtoBuf compiler to compile downloaded .proto files. This will result in "*_pb2.py" for every proto file.

Note

  • Pre-compiled .proto files are available in the proto directory of the GitHub project. The sample scripts uses the files from this directory.

  • For most recent .proto definitions, download the files from Aruba Central, compile the files and place them in the proto directory.

Script Execution

Simple Streaming Client Application

The provided script subscribes to monitoring topic in Aruba Central Streaming API. The following variables hostname, header["Authorization"], header["UserName"] needs to be updated.

To run the script, enter the command python3 simple_app.py

In the code snippet below,

  • MsgProto() and MonitoringInformation() are proto messages from compiled streaming.proto and monitoring.proto files respectively.
  • on_message() block converts the data received in serialized protobuf format to python dictionary.
import websocket

def on_message(ws, message):
    # Decode Message from serialized proto buffer format
    from proto import streaming_pb2
    stream_data = streaming_pb2.MsgProto()
    stream_data.ParseFromString(message)
    print("Timestamp in Epoch: %s" % str(stream_data.timestamp))
    print("Customer_ID: %s" % str(stream_data.customer_id))
    # Based on the topic import compiled proto file and decode 'data' field
    from proto import monitoring_pb2
    monitoring_data = monitoring_pb2.MonitoringInformation()
    monitoring_data.ParseFromString(stream_data.data)
    
    print(monitoring_data)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    # URL for WebSocket Connection from Streaming API page
    hostname = "internal-ui.central.arubanetworks.com"
    url = "wss://{}/streaming/api".format(hostname)
    # Construct Header for WebSocket Connection
    header = {}
    # Central User email
    header["UserName"] = "[email protected]"
    # WebSocket Key from Streaming API Page
    header["Authorization"] = "XXXXXX"
    # Subscription TOPIC for Streaming API
    # (audit|apprf|location|monitoring|presence|security)
    header["Topic"] = "monitoring"
    # Create WebSocket connection
    websocket.enableTrace(True)
    ws = websocket.WebSocketApp(url=url,
                                header=header,
                                on_message = on_message,
                                on_error = on_error,
                                on_close = on_close)
    ws.on_open = on_open
    ws.run_forever()

Advanced Streaming Client Application

This GitHub repository contains usage of advanced Streaming API client.

Features of wsclient_public.py python streaming client is as follows,

  • Option to subscribe data streams for multiple customers
  • Option to subscribe to multiple streaming topics for each customer
  • Validate the Secure WebSocket Key. When connection is made for the first time,
    • If the provided key is expired, the script obtains the working WebSocket key from Aruba Central via REST API.
    • Updates the input JSON file with working key. Next time when the script is executed, you would have most recent key.
  • Decode data streams received in google protobuf format and convert it to python dictionary.
  • Provide structure for data transport/export to external apps/storage device. User need to implement the transport/storage logic based on their requirement.

Please Note: This sample script does not attempt to retry when the WebSocket connection is broken in-between data streaming. Validation of WebSocket Key only occurs during initial connection.

Command to execute the script

python3 wsclient_public.py --hostname internal-ui.central.arubanetworks.com --jsoninput input.json --decode_data

To view description of all available arguments, execute the following command

python3 wsclient_public.py --help

The required script arguments are,

--hostname - The base url obtained from Aruba Central Account Home -> Webhooks -> Streaming -> Endpoint. For example from the Endpoint "wss://internal-ui.central.arubanetworks.com/streaming/api", copy only the highlighted section for hostname.

--jsoninput - Input File where the Aruba Central customer information is provided in JSON format. The following json file is the sample input.json.

To view data on screen,

--decode_data - to print the decoded data streams on screen during script execution.

{
  "customers": {
       "CustomerA_monitoring": {
         "username": "[email protected]",
         "wsskey": "xxxx",
         "topic": "monitoring"
       },
       "CustomerA_security": {
         "username": "[email protected]",
         "wsskey": "xxxx",
         "topic": "security"
       },
       "CustomerB_monitoring": {
         "username": "[email protected]",
         "wsskey": "YYYY",
         "topic": "monitoring"
       }    
  }
}

Handling "bytes" Message Type in Protobuf

The proto messages of type bytes are base64 encoded in the decoded data. Example message fields of type bytes are MAC Address, IP Address and ESSID. You can know the type of a certain message field from the .proto files.

To decode the bytes data field, snippets of python code is provided below

import base64

# Base64 decoding of MAC Address
mac_address = base64.b64decode("<mac-address-value>")

# In some instances, the fields needs to processed further, after base64 
# decoding. To get MAC Address in format FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF
print(':'.join('%02x' % ord(byte) for byte in mac_address))
# Similarly IP address received as b'\n\x01\ng',
# would translate to 10.1.10.103 after processing
print('.'.join('%d' % byte for byte in ip_address))

Updated 9 days ago



Using Streaming API Python Client


Suggested Edits are limited on API Reference Pages

You can only suggest edits to Markdown body content, but not to the API spec.